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Boolean research is based on AND, OR, NOT

For example:
You are looking for pages with information about �cats� and �dogs�, use AND. If you are looking for information only about �cats� and you want to exclude everything that relate to �dogs�, use �cats� NOT �dogs�. If you are looking for any of these, use �cats� OR �dogs�.

The same applies using �+� or �-�.
If you�re looking for the exact phrase use quotes �..�

More on Boolean...

Few tips: (using a search engine)

  • Try to re-order words, for example: �middle east� AND �journalism� instead of �journalism� AND �middle east�.
  • If that�s still doesn�t give you anything, try synonymous words: �middle east� and �media�
  • Sometimes using capital letters can make a difference
  • If you are searching for a specific quote, use the quotes �
  • Some search engines let you use an asterix * if you�re not sure of spelling: jour*

Tips for journalists


Few tips that can help:

  • Big organisations are more likely to provide you with accurate information then someone�s personal home page (identifiable with ~);
  • Try the �Who are we� or �About us�. You�ll find it on every web page;
  • Is there any information on the writer itself;
  • Is there a mentioning of a phone number or e-mail address you can contact;
  • How is the text written: a business like approach or a more emotional approach;
  • Again use you�re brains-- does it make sense to you. Have you read the information somewhere before;
  • Is there any evidence for the content, for example links to other organisations?